It surprised us that John won the marathon.
There was no chance that Davy would come from the battle alive.
There was no chance of Davy coming from the battle alive.
a. I hope that I can drive to work in my own car.
I hope to drive to work in my own car.
b. I consider that I will emigrate to America in the future.
I consider emigrating to America in the future.
c. Jane’s mother insisted that she should go swimming with her brother.
Jane’s mother insisted on her going swimming with her brother.
a. I don’t know what I should do.
I don’t know what to do.
b. Tell me how I can get to the bus station.
Tell me how to get to the bus station.
a. The man who is standing at the gate is my English teacher.
The man standing at the gate is my English teacher.
b. Books that are written in English are more expensive.
Books written in English are more expensive.
c. The people who were responsible for the incident were all punished.
The people responsible for the indident were all punished.
a. They live in a room that faces the south.
They live in a room facing the south.
b. English has an alphabet that consists of 26 letters.
English has an alphabet consisting of 26 letters.
a. The only one that understands me.
The only one to understand me.
b. The next train that arrives is from New York.
The next train to arrive is from New York.
c. Jango was the second person that fell into this trap.
Jango was the second person to fall into this trap.
a. Metals expand when heated and contract when (they are) cooled.
b. When (he was) a student in the university, he read a lot.
c. while (he was) waitting, he took out a magazine to read.
d. A tiger can’t be tamed unless (it is) caught very young.
a. Since I came to Beijing, I have made many new friends.
Since coming to Beijing, I have made many new friends.
b. After I finished my homework, I fed the dog.
After finishing my homework, I fed the dog.
c. After he jumped out of a boat, the man was bitten by a shark.
After jumping out of a boat, the man was bitten by a shark.