a 辅音因素开头的名词前， an 元音因素开头的名词前**
复数可数名词 or 不可数名词：
(2)复数名词 or 不可数名词
Life is hard sometimes
The writer is writing a book about the life of blacks in America.
I love music, poetry and art.
I don’t like the film, but I like the music(of the film)
can you turn off the light, please?
the earth, the sky, the equator, the moon, the world, the universe
the only/best way to cope with the problem.
this is the first time I’ve come to Beijing.
the Philaadelphia Orchestra
play/learn the guitar learn the piano
Henry was elected chairman of the committee
For the first time I am king of myself
(1)冠词：the an a
(2)物主形容词： my your his her our their
(3)指示形容词： this that these those
(4)名词属格： Tom’s John’s
(1)nature : in nature (2)society: in society (3)space: in space
(6)三餐前不+冠词：have something for breakfast/lunch/supper/dinner
若用介词on：+冠词the（on foot 步行不加the）on the train/plane/boat
若不用介词on，如用by时，不加the： by bicycle/boat/bus/car/plane/train/metro
face to face , arm in arm , hand in hand , shoulder to shoulder , side by side
inch by inch , day after day , dentist after dentist
bed, church, court, hospital, prison, school/college/unversity, sea, work, office
his mother is in hospital and he has been in the hospital to take care of her.
Bill Blinton came into office in 1992./Bill Clinton came into the office and saw sth.
to church(to pray)
to hospital(as patients)
go to sea(as sailors) go to the sea(go to the seaside)
be at sea(as passengers or crew) be at the sea(be at the seaside)
by sea(by ship)
by the sea(by the seaside)
be in office(在任职) be in the office(在办公室里)
be out of office(离职) be out of the office(离开办公室)
I like music
bananas are yellow I am afraid of dogs
the whale is the largest mammal on earth
the whale is dead
I ate a banana this morning
A banana is yellow