英语语法-句子类型

英语语法-句子类型

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句

​ What time i convenient for you

​ How late are you open

​ Where were we

​ What was I just going to say

​ What’s in your mind

​ What’s going on

​ When did you begin to study English

一般疑问句:助动词+主语+谓语(yes or no 回答)

选择疑问句:提供两种或两种以上情形提对方选择

​ Do you like tea or coffee

​ Did you speak to them, or did the manager

​ Which ice cream would you like, chocolate, vanilla or strawberry.

反意疑问句:

​ I am going to look like a lemon, aren’t I?

​ You have completed that job,haven’t you?

​ You have not completed that job, have you?

祈使句:表示请求,命令,劝告,建议等

主语you省略

动词原型,没有时态,不用情态动词

​ Stop bugging me

​ Don’t judge a book by its cover

​ Don’t get me wrong

​ Let’s just have a rest

​ Let’s hope for the best

​ Let’s talk over dinner

​ Let bygones be bygones

​ Strike while the iron is hot

​ Make hay while the sun shines

感叹句:what

1.what + a(n) + 形容词 + 可数名词单数 + 谓语部分

​ what a lovely boy he is.

2.what + 形容词 +不可数名词或可数名词复数 + 谓语部分

​ what foolish mistakes you have made

​ what nice weather(it is)

3.what + a(n) +可数名词单数:是

没有感情色彩的普通名词时: 有两种理解

​ what a day: 可以是今天天气多好,也可以是天气很糟糕

有感情色彩的名词

​ what a mess

感叹句: how

1.how + 形容词 or 副词 + 谓语部分

​ How lovely the boy is

​ How fast time flies

2.How + 主谓部分

​ How he ssnores!

​ How I hate exams!

3.How + 形容词 + a(n) +可数名词单数 + 主谓部分

​ How lovely a boy he is.

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