英语语法-形容词adjective

英语语法-形容词adjective

两种形容词的区别

ing:描述引起人某种感觉的事物(主语通常是事物)

ed:描述人对事物的感觉(主语通常是人)

The interesting children can make other people feel interested in them.

位置

1.限定词+形容词+名词

​ I am reading an interesting book.

2.不定代词+形容词

​ There is something(某事) wrong with my computer.

形容词顺序

观点形容词(opinion adjective)+描绘形容词(descriptive adjective)

​ a beautiful white table

描绘形容词顺序

​ size->shape->age->color->origin->material

​ This beautiful big round old red chinese wooden table was mine.

比较级和最高级

单音节:-er -est

-e结尾:-r -st

​ large->larger brave->braver

-y结尾:变y->i 加-er -est

​ shy->shier

元音+辅音:双写最后字母后加-er -est

​ fat->fatter big->bigger sad->sadder

双音节:前面+more most

特例:y结尾双音节词,变y->i 加-er -est

​ happy->happier early->earlier

early和showly

​ early是不可分割:故变earlier

​ slowly是组合词:故变more slowly

多音节:前面+more most

特殊:

原级 比较级 最高级
good/well better best
bad/ill worse worst
far farther/further farthest/furthest
old older/elder oldest/eldest
little less least
many/much more most
late later/latter latest/last
up upper uppermost/upmost

特别说明

A:farther(多用实际距离) further(表示抽象,进一步)

​ further discussion

B:older(大小,用于比较级中) elder(成员长幼关系,并非大小,不用比较级中)

​ my elder brother his eldest son

​ I am seven years older than Rex

C:later, latter, latest, last

​ later(时间上”较迟“):I am on the phone right, Could you call me later?

​ latter(顺序上”后者“):The latter point is the most important.

​ latest(最新的,最近的):the latest games the latest fashions.

​ last(1.上一次,最近一次;2.所有事物中的最后一个)

​ 1.The last game, I won. last week

​ 2.The last three pages of the chapter

原级比较

如同:A + as + 形容词 or 副词 + as + B

​ You are as lazy as she.

​ The work is not as difficult as you think.

如同的否定句:可用so代替第一个as

​ The work is not so difficult as you think.

表示几倍/几分之几:A + 几倍(three times)/几分之几(a third) + as + 形容词 or 副词 +as + B

​ This book is twice as thick as that one.

​ The Earth has a mass nearly one hundred times as much as that of the Moon.

A + the same + 名词 + as + B

​ I am as old as you

​ I am the same age as you.

形容词比较级注意

1.than前面必须有比较级
2.必须是同类事物比较

a.两个彼此独立的同类事物比较

​ This question is less difficult than that question.

b.自身比较:A + 比较级 + 情形1 + than + 情形2

​ He did much better in the finals this term than last term

c.前后有从属关系时,加other,else与整体区别开来,避免逻辑错误

​ She works harder than any other student in her class.(不说other就把自身也比较了)

3.比较级前+the的情况:有介词短语 of the two时.

​ I think this painting is the more interesting of the two.

越来越……

单音节:比较级 + and + 比较级:That female singer is getting fatter and fatter.

多音节:more and more 形容词原级:

As summer approaches, the sea seems more and more beautiful.

可以修饰比较级的词

a bit, a little bit, a little, a lot, a great deal, any, even, far, by far, much, very much, no, rather, still, slightly. 不用:very, many, quite, fairly.

Are you feeling any better?

Things are no better than before

He makes far fewer mistakes in spellings than before

否定比较级可表示最高级:few, nothing, never, not

How have you been?

It couldn’t be worse

Few are better qualified for the job than he is.

I have never heard a better song(This is the best song that I have ever heard)

最高级注意

1.the + 最高级 + in +地方-不说:It is the most expensive car of the world-

​ It is the most expensive car in the world.

2.第几最高: the + 序数词 + 最高级 + in + 地方

​ The Huanghe River is the second longset river in China.

​ THe Yangtze River is the longest river in China, but it is the third longset river in the world

3.the + 最高级 + of + 所属范围

​ The youngest (one) of the family is most successful.(理解时+one,but实际应用时省去)

​ Gold is sthe least useful of all metals.

​ The Atlantic is not the largest of the world’s oceans.

​ Silk is the strongest of all natural fibers, ranking in strength with the synthetic fiber nylon.

​ A good book is the best of friends, the same today and forever.

​ 特别:of + 范围放置句首:Of all metals, gold is the least useful.

4.最高级是否加the

​ a.形容词需要+the:This is the most interesting book of all.

​ b.副词可加可不加:He works hardest in his class.

​ c.most不加the的特殊用法=very much:The story is most interesting.

无等级形容词:含绝对含义-可用nearly,almost,the most closely,more nearly修饰-

absolute, alone, dead, empty, equal, eternal, final, harizontal, perfect, primary, pregnant, round, single, square, straight, supreme, unique, unanimous.

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