英语语法-限定词1

英语语法-限定词1

数量限定词

只与可数名词连用

只接单数 one each every

只接复数 two(three) both a couple of a few several many a number of

只与不可数名词连用

a little little much a great deal of a large amount of

与可数名词复数或不可数名词连用均可

not any some a lot of lots of plenty of most all

数量词与of连用

all/most/some/any of+特指限定词+复数可数或不可数名词

most books

most of books 不正确

most of my/these/the/john’s books

many/a few/few/several/both/two/three of +特指限定词+ 复数可数名词

many students

many of students 不正确

many of these students

much/a little/little of +特指限定词+ 不可数名词

much water

much of water 不正确

much of the water

其他数量词 a lot of , lots of , a couple of , plenty of , a number of , a great deal of 直接+名词
all和both特殊用法

all/both my students 可以不加of,其他much/many数量限定词不可这么用

all students

all of my students

all of students 不正确

数量词a few, few(只接可数), a little, little(只接不可数)

a little,a few为肯定之意,等同于some,有一些

His theory is rather difficult; few people understand it.=almost no people understand it.

I have little interest in English, so I am very poor at it.

little,few为否定之意,等同于几乎没有

His theory is rather difficult, but a few people understand it.

I have a little interest in English, so I like learning it.

only a little,only a few very few,very little

some and any

陈述句:some 一般用肯定,any一般用否定,表示”一些“。可与可数或不可数名词连用。

I need some medicine to cure my cough.

I don’t have any friends here.

疑问句:多用any;在期待对方回答”是“的时候,要用some

Have you got any medicine to cure your cough?

Would you like to give me some advice? Can I have some more wine?

any可以表示”任何一个,无论哪一个“,用于任何句型。

You can catch any bus. They all go to the railway station.

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