单词：The woman who lives next door is a famous dancer.
短语：He likes climbing mountains, which is a good exercise.
整句：He arrived an hour later, which annoyed his girlfriend very much.
He laughs best who laughs last.
句子1. he laughs best 句子2. he laughs last 关系词 who
I don’t like people 意思不明
I don’t like people who never keep their words.
Beijing, which is the capital of China, has developed into an international city.
|who:只指人||前不可加介词||The girl who you work with is his girl friend|
|whom:只指人||只宾/表,宾语非限制性必用||Li, with whom you work, is his girl friend|
|which:不指人||非限制性句首时用as||As I expected, he didn’t believe me|
|that:指人or物||不加介词，无非限制性||The world in which we live is made up of matter.|
|whose+名词指人or物||whose = of which||These children sit in a schoolroom of which all the windows are broken.|
a. He’ll repeat such points as are discussed in the book.
b. Such a student as works hard will be sure to succeed.
c. He tried to make as few mistakes as he could avoid.
d. He is not the same playboy as we knew.
As is known, the whale is not fish but a mammal.
She has married again, as was expected.
She has married again, which was unexpected.
She is not what she used to be = She is not the girl that she used to be.
a. I will give you what help I can.
b. What money I have has been given to you = All the money that I have…
What he said shows that he is cruel.
He is not what he was a few years ago.
a. Don’t drink more wine than is good for health.
b. Don’t give him more money than is needed, since money will burn a hole in his pocket.
a. There is no man but errs = There is no man who doesn’t err.
b. There are few but admire his talent = There are few who don’t admire his talent.
c. There are very few people in this club but he knows =whom he doesn’t know.
|when=on which||时间:day,year,time||I’ll never forget the day (when) I met you(紧随其后可省略)I’ll never forget the time which I spent on campus(不做状语时)|
|where=in/at which||(抽象)地点place,housesituation, point,joint||When you read books, you had better make a mark at the spot where you have any question(定语从句修饰spot)When you read book, you had better make a mark where you have any question(状语从句)|
|why无非限制性||原因:why等||This is the reason why I didn’t come herewhy = for which|
|方式the way||in whichthat省略||You know the old golden rule, “Care for others the way in which you would like them to care for you”|
|从句中介词和动词搭配形容词搭配名词搭配||最常用常见较少||He is the man on whom I think you can depend.He referred me to some books with which I am not very familiar.I am sending you an inquiry, to which your prompt attention is highly appreciated.|
|介词先行词搭配||at the ratewith ease||The speed at which an animal lives is determined by measuring the rate at which it uses oxygen.|
|修饰部分of which||最高级+of whom/which||The total cultivated area is 13,000 acres, of which 10,000 acres are irrigated fields.|
|in which to do||此结构注意||A house in which to store grains = A house to store grains inI can’t think of anybody whom to invite 没有介词不能用介词不能置后不能用关系副词代替|
|定语从句||充当成分The rumor that he spread everywhere turned out to be untrue.(充当定语)||单独使用Anger is a wind which blows out the lamp of the mind.|
|名词从句||不当成分THe rumor that Tom was a thief truned out to be untrue.(句子完整)||which + 名词连用You should vote for which candidate you assume best.|
|定语从句后置||先行词和定语从句分开||Consequently, nothing seems good or normal that does not accord with the requirements of the free market.|
|带有插入语||表达个人观点紧跟关系词后||He ran all the way from the station, which I thought was incredible.|
|并列定语从句||and/or/but连接多个从句修饰同一词||I’d much rather receive a gift that was unique or that I knew my friend had put some thought into.|
|嵌套修饰||定语从句修饰“先行词+定语从句”||He is the only person that we know who speaks so many foreign languages.|