博客中gitalk最新评论的获取

博客中gitalk最新评论的获取

博客中,对于网友的评论以及每篇文章的评论数还是很重要的。但是基于静态的页面想要存储动态的评论数据是比较难的,一般博客主题中都内置了评论插件,但是博客主题中对于最新评论的支持显示还是很少的,至少目前我是没怎么发现。博客 Powered by Hexo & Icarus,采用Gitalk评论,再次感谢此三位作者的辛勤码代码,才有了以下的内容。基于此背景基础上,聊聊最新评论的实现。

博客的使用, Hexo & Icarus,采用Gitalk评论 的使用自行百度了。

使用场景

  • 最新评论列表
  • 最热文章列表(基于评论数判断是否最热,也比较片面,但是侧面也能反映,问题不大)

使用方法

主要参考自官方文档

目前主要用到两个方法,一个是获取仓库下所有的issue,每个issue节点下有相关的评论数,以及对应issue下的评论的url;还有一个是根据issue下评论的URL获取相应的所有的评论

方法1:List issues for a repository

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GET /orgs/:org/issues

参数列表

Name Type Description
milestone integer or string If an integer is passed, it should refer to a milestone by its number field. If the string * is passed, issues with any milestone are accepted. If the string none is passed, issues without milestones are returned.
state string Indicates the state of the issues to return. Can be either open, closed, or all. Default: open
assignee string Can be the name of a user. Pass in none for issues with no assigned user, and * for issues assigned to any user.
creator string The user that created the issue.
mentioned string A user that’s mentioned in the issue.
labels string A list of comma separated label names. Example: bug,ui,@high
sort string What to sort results by. Can be either created, updated, comments. Default: created
direction string The direction of the sort. Can be either asc or desc. Default: desc
since string Only issues updated at or after this time are returned. This is a timestamp in ISO 8601 format: YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SSZ.

以上参数,主要用到 sort 排序,page页数,per_page每页数量,其余的参数看个人需要使用。注意文档中的说明,排序的字段和返回的稍许不太一样。

方法2:List comments on an issue

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GET /repos/:owner/:repo/issues/:issue_number/comments

Issue Comments are ordered by ascending ID. 排序根据 ascending (上升的,增长的;升(序)的)ID.也就是说,从老到新。这个比较坑,对于我们获取最新评论来说。

参数如下

Name Type Description
since string Only comments updated at or after this time are returned. This is a timestamp in ISO 8601 format: YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SSZ.

根据尝试以及以上参数,试出不支持排序,但是支持分页,page,per_page参数,对于我们获取最新的评论来说可以根据评论数,算出分页数,拿到最后一条,即最新一条

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//如果只有一页
int page = 1;
int per_page = 1;
// 如果超出一页的话
int page = 2;
int per_page = commentsNumber-1;//commentsNumber:评论数

js代码中使用实例核心代码

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var timesSet = [];
var timesBodyMap = {};
var timesSetMap = {};
var resultArr = [];
// 方法1:sort=comments可以按评论数排序,此处更适合按更新时间排序,可以根据updated排序,但是0条评论的也会出来,所以此处还是根据评论数排序全部查出来,过滤掉0条评论的,拿到每个issue下最新的一条评论详情和时间,根据时间内存排序
// per_page 每页数量,根据需求配置
$.getJSON("https://api.github.com/repos/{用户名}/{仓库}/issues?per_page=100&sort=comments", function (result) {
$.each(result, function (i, item) {
var commentsCount = item.comments;
if (commentsCount > 0) {
$.ajaxSettings.async = false;
// 此处保证是最后一条,api没有排序参数,只能分页取最后一条,保证最少的数据量传输,快速处理
var page = 2;
var pageSize = commentsCount - 1;
if (commentsCount == 1) {
page = 1;
pageSize = 1;
}
// 方法2:的使用
$.getJSON(item.comments_url + "?page=" + page + "&per_page=" + pageSize, function (commentResult) {
var item1 = commentResult[0];
var contentStr = item1.body.trim();
if (contentStr.length > 50) {
contentStr = contentStr.substr(0, 60);
contentStr += "...";

}
timesSet.push(new Date(item1.created_at).getTime());
timesBodyMap[item1.created_at] = {
"title": item.title.substr(0, item.title.indexOf("-") - 1),
"url": item.body.substr(0, item.body.indexOf("\n") - 1),
"content": contentStr,
"date": item1.created_at,
"userName": item1["user"].login,
"userUrl": item1["user"].html_url,
"commentCount": commentsCount
};
timesSetMap[new Date(item1.created_at).getTime()] = item1.created_at;
});
}
});
});

// 排序
if (timesSet.length > 0) {
timesSet.sort();
}
// 根据需要取10条
if (timesSet.length > 10) {
for (var i = timesSet.length - 1; i >= 0 && resultArr.length < 10; i--) {
resultArr.push(timesBodyMap[timesSetMap[timesSet[i]]]);
}
}
else {
for (var i = timesSet.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
resultArr.push(timesBodyMap[timesSetMap[timesSet[i]]]);
}
}

方法1:请求接口地址示例

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https://api.github.com/repos/removeif/blog_comment/issues?per_page=100&sort=comments

返回结果

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[
{
"url": "https://api.github.com/repos/removeif/blog_comment/issues/3",
"repository_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/removeif/blog_comment",
"labels_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/removeif/blog_comment/issues/3/labels{/name}",
"comments_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/removeif/blog_comment/issues/3/comments",
"events_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/removeif/blog_comment/issues/3/events",
"html_url": "https://github.com/removeif/blog_comment/issues/3",
"id": 458985510,
"node_id": "MDU6SXNzdWU0NTg5ODU1MTA=",
"number": 3,
"title": "留言板 - 辣椒の酱",
"user": {
"login": "removeif",
"id": 10427139,
"node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjEwNDI3MTM5",
"avatar_url": "https://avatars1.githubusercontent.com/u/10427139?v=4",
"gravatar_id": "",
"url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif",
"html_url": "https://github.com/removeif",
"followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/followers",
"following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/following{/other_user}",
"gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/gists{/gist_id}",
"starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/starred{/owner}{/repo}",
"subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/subscriptions",
"organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/orgs",
"repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/repos",
"events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/events{/privacy}",
"received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/received_events",
"type": "User",
"site_admin": false
},
"labels": [
{
"id": 1416043904,
"node_id": "MDU6TGFiZWwxNDE2MDQzOTA0",
"url": "https://api.github.com/repos/removeif/blog_comment/labels/3306ea6632b94cc388b40cef9dda4a8f",
"name": "3306ea6632b94cc388b40cef9dda4a8f",
"color": "0e8a16",
"default": false
},
{
"id": 1415994590,
"node_id": "MDU6TGFiZWwxNDE1OTk0NTkw",
"url": "https://api.github.com/repos/removeif/blog_comment/labels/Gitalk",
"name": "Gitalk",
"color": "5319e7",
"default": false
}
],
"state": "open",
"locked": false,
"assignee": null,
"assignees": [

],
"milestone": null,
"comments": 33,
"created_at": "2019-06-21T03:06:53Z",
"updated_at": "2019-09-12T10:37:34Z",
"closed_at": null,
"author_association": "OWNER",
"body": "https://removeif.github.io/message/\r\n\r\n留言板信息。"
},
{...}
]

方法2:请求接口地址示例

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https://api.github.com/repos/removeif/blog_comment/issues/3/comments?per_page=32&page=2

返回结果

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[
{
"url": "https://api.github.com/repos/removeif/blog_comment/issues/comments/530767913",
"html_url": "https://github.com/removeif/blog_comment/issues/3#issuecomment-530767913",
"issue_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/removeif/blog_comment/issues/3",
"id": 530767913,
"node_id": "MDEyOklzc3VlQ29tbWVudDUzMDc2NzkxMw==",
"user": {
"login": "removeif",
"id": 10427139,
"node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjEwNDI3MTM5",
"avatar_url": "https://avatars1.githubusercontent.com/u/10427139?v=4",
"gravatar_id": "",
"url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif",
"html_url": "https://github.com/removeif",
"followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/followers",
"following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/following{/other_user}",
"gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/gists{/gist_id}",
"starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/starred{/owner}{/repo}",
"subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/subscriptions",
"organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/orgs",
"repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/repos",
"events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/events{/privacy}",
"received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/received_events",
"type": "User",
"site_admin": false
},
"created_at": "2019-09-12T10:37:34Z",
"updated_at": "2019-09-12T10:37:34Z",
"author_association": "OWNER",
"body": "> 哇 大佬你博客弄的好厉害啊 可以指点指点吗\n>> @xuelangjing 还好吧😂,简简单单的,可以多看下网页上的源码,有什么问题可以讨论讨论哦"
}
]

博客中目前有两个页面使用,根据个人的需要放到各自的位置吧。

首页热门推荐

还有个最新评论页:

扩展一个方法

上面的实例程序,每个issue(因为我的每个issue关联一个文章链接)只取了一条最新的评论,假如每个issue下有两个都是最新的评论,而我也不管是不是同一个issue下的评论,获取所有的最新评论,还有一个方法比较好用。

List comments in a repository

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GET /repos/:owner/:repo/issues/comments

By default, Issue Comments are ordered by ascending ID. 和上面一样,但是以下参数就不一样了

Name Type Description
sort string Either created or updated. Default: created
direction string Either asc or desc. Ignored without the sort parameter.
since string Only comments updated at or after this time are returned. This is a timestamp in ISO 8601 format: YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SSZ.

多了排序字段和排序方式,也有per和per_page,这是相当的有用啊

扩展方法:请求接口地址示例

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https://api.github.com/repos/removeif/blog_comment/issues/comments?sort=updated&direction=desc&per_page=10&page=1

返回结果

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[
{
"url": "https://api.github.com/repos/removeif/blog_comment/issues/comments/530767913",
"html_url": "https://github.com/removeif/blog_comment/issues/3#issuecomment-530767913",
"issue_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/removeif/blog_comment/issues/3",
"id": 530767913,
"node_id": "MDEyOklzc3VlQ29tbWVudDUzMDc2NzkxMw==",
"user": {
"login": "removeif",
"id": 10427139,
"node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjEwNDI3MTM5",
"avatar_url": "https://avatars1.githubusercontent.com/u/10427139?v=4",
"gravatar_id": "",
"url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif",
"html_url": "https://github.com/removeif",
"followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/followers",
"following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/following{/other_user}",
"gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/gists{/gist_id}",
"starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/starred{/owner}{/repo}",
"subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/subscriptions",
"organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/orgs",
"repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/repos",
"events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/events{/privacy}",
"received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/removeif/received_events",
"type": "User",
"site_admin": false
},
"created_at": "2019-09-12T10:37:34Z",
"updated_at": "2019-09-12T10:37:34Z",
"author_association": "OWNER",
"body": "> 哇 大佬你博客弄的好厉害啊 可以指点指点吗\n>> @xuelangjing 还好吧😂,简简单单的,可以多看下网页上的源码,有什么问题可以讨论讨论哦"
},
{
...
}
]

总结此扩展方法

优点:对于不在乎issue数量,只在乎最新评论的就比较适用,能够精准拿出前10条,很赞
不足:一个issue下多个最新评论,如果想要显示的最新评论列表还包括文章标题,看起来可能不太好看,很多重复,但是看个人需要吧

注意事项,采坑环节

  • 对应接口的请求限制,目前接口有请求的限制,所以使用中不能频繁请求,调试的时候一会儿又限制,一会儿又限制比较麻烦,限制十几分钟之后就解除了。
  • 对于页面中,一般很多个地方可能都需要展示这个列表,所以不能每次都去请求,必须缓存起来,一般缓存到本地,我的是存的cookie中,十分钟去请求一次,所以调好后一般不会出现限制情况。但是马上评论了的就看不到,有10分钟的延迟,不过也还好。
  • 对于如果issue以及评论太多的情况,尽量的少请求,比如上面的分页优化,取最后一条。以及页面中请求时做出异步请求的方式,不要阻止其他元素的渲染。

本人主要做后端,对前端的set/排序不太熟悉,上面实现排序代码比较繁琐😂,如果有什么更好的方法,麻烦也告知一下,互相学习共同进步。


评论

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